Apprentices progression into self-employment

Self-employment is one of the key attractions to the construction industry. In the dashboard below, we find that of those who complete their BCITO apprenticeship and remain working in the construction industry, 30% are self-employed after seven years after starting their apprenticeship.

To see activities outside of construction, turn them on in the slicer in the bottom right corner of the chart.


Between the years of 2007 to 2016 we collect all new apprentices starting training at BCITO, Competenz, or Skills Org. From these apprentices we first determine which program they are enrolled in through NZSCED codes and determine whether they complete their program.

With this cohort we then determine their primary activities each year after starting their apprenticeship. We rank activities in order of:

  1. ITO training
  2. Tertiary study
  3. Polytechnic study
  4. Secondary schooling
  5. Employer
  6. Employee
  7. Beneficiary
  8. Overseas

Where an apprentice still enrolled in ITO training but also employed in a given year will be reported as still in training but not also an employee.

Results are then summarised in counts of apprentices in each activity each year after starting training.


Access to the data used in this study was provided by Stats NZ under conditions designed to give effect to the security and confidentiality provisions of the Data and Statistics Act 2022. The results presented in this study are the work of the author, not Stats NZ or individual data suppliers.

These results are not official statistics. They have been created for research purposes from the Integrated Data Infrastructure (IDI) which is carefully managed by Stats NZ. For more information about the IDI please visit https://www.stats.govt.nz/integrated-data/.

The results are based in part on tax data supplied by Inland Revenue to Stats NZ under the Tax Administration Act 1994 for statistical purposes. Any discussion of data limitations or weaknesses is in the context of using the IDI for statistical purposes, and is not related to the data's ability to support Inland Revenue's core operational requirements.


Where do apprentices end up?

Most apprentices retain in their respective industries after completing training, with many progressing into self-employment

Self-employment Apprentices