Data is derived from the Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) through the Integrated Data Infrastructure.
Underutilisation is a measurement of labour force efficiency. It combines those working but seeking more hours of work (underemployment), those seeking work (unemployment), as well as those who aren't seeking working but would either take a job if offered or will start seeking work soon (potential labour force).
The HLFS does not capture those those who are employed under their skill level, e.g. someone working in a fast food chain with a masters degree in engineering.
'Destination' corresponds to the industry of underutilised persons who go on to find employment in the following year.
Access to the anonymised data used in this study was provided by Statistics New Zealand in accordance with security and confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act 1975, and secrecy provisions of the Tax Administration Act 1994. The findings are not Official Statistics. The results in this paper are the work of the authors, not Statistics NZ, and have been confidentialised to protect individuals, households, businesses, and other organisations from identification. Read our full disclaimer here.