Underemployment rates within occupations

Community service, sales workers and labourers have high rates of underemployment. On the other hand, few managers, trades workers, professionals and machinery operates are dissatisfied with their hours of work.

Some occupations have fewer than 6 persons responding as being underemployed. Results for these sectors are suppressed but have been left included in the charts with a null/0 value to show where results are missing.

Explore more specific occupations by selecting a lower level on the right hand of the chart.

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The Household Labour Force Survey (HLFS) asks employed respondents if they would prefer to work more hours. We summarize these results over years occuaptions have been recorded (2009 to 2018) and calculate underemployment rates.

Sectors with 0% values have fewer than 6 persons responding to the HLFS as underemployed. Results from these sectors should be treated as unknown but are left in the chart to show where data is incomplete.

Occupations are defined by ANZSCO06 codes.


Access to the anonymised data used in this study was provided by Statistics New Zealand in accordance with security and confidentiality provisions of the Statistics Act 1975, and secrecy provisions of the Tax Administration Act 1994. The findings are not Official Statistics. The results in this paper are the work of the authors, not Statistics NZ, and have been confidentialised to protect individuals, households, businesses, and other organisations from identification. Read our full disclaimer here.


Underemployment rates in New Zealand

Investigate how underemployment rates compare across industries and occupations in New Zealand

Underemployment Trades